Lung Cancer: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Lungs are an important organ that enables the body to exchange oxygen. Lung cancer seriously impairs the function of this organ and makes respiratory function impossible.

Lung Cancer: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Lung Cancer: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

What is Lung Cancer?

Lung cancer is a type of cancer that occurs as a result of uncontrolled and abnormal growth of the cells of the lungs. Lungs are an important organ that enables the body to exchange oxygen. Lung cancer seriously impairs the function of this organ and makes respiratory function impossible.

What are the Types of Lung Cancer?

Lung cancer is classified into two main types: small cell and non-small cell. Non-small cell lung cancer is further divided into subtypes such as 'lung adenocarcinoma,' 'squamous cell carcinoma,' and 'large cell carcinoma.'

What are the symptoms?

Lung cancer symptoms may differ from person to person. But the most common symptoms may be:

  • chronic cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • bloody sputum
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weakness
  • weight loss

Diagnosis and Diagnosis 

  • The following may be used to diagnose lung cancer:
  • X-ray and computed tomography (CT) scans
  • bronchoscopy
  • lung biopsy
  • Sputum cytology

Treatment Options

Treatment options for lung cancer vary depending on the type of cancer, its stage, and the patient's general health condition. Basic treatment methods may include:

  • Surgical treatment (the most effective treatment), the first treatment of lung cancer is surgery. While it can be performed with the most successful method, robotically, it can also be performed with VATS or open surgical methods.
  • radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapies
  • Prevention

The most effective way to prevent lung cancer is to not smoke or quit smoking. You can also reduce the risk by implementing the following prevention strategies:

  • exercising regularly
  • Maintaining a healthy diet
  • Controlling indoor air pollutants such as radon gas
  • Avoiding exposure to harmful chemicals in the workplace

 

Lung cancer is a serious health problem and early diagnosis and treatment is important. When symptoms occur or risk factors are present, it is very important to contact a healthcare professional immediately. Making healthy lifestyle choices also plays a critical role in maintaining your health and reducing your risk of lung cancer.